Lysistrata was written against the backdrop of the final years of the Peloponnesian War, a long and destructive war between Athens and Sparta. The war was devastating to Athens and it is clear that Aristophanes wanted the states to make peace. It has been suggested by several critics that Aristophanes chose to make women invade and capture the Acropolis because they were the lowest beasts of Greek culture. Aristophanes was commenting on the foolishness of the war where foolish creatures must tell the men what to do. While it is true that women were of very low rank in Greek society, Aristophanes does suggest that women are somewhat intelligent creatures and should be occasionally listened to. The play also is famous for the role given to women, particularly noteworthy since there is no evidence for women attending Athenian theater.